Every woman is different. Different contraceptives work differently depending on all sorts of factors including how old you are, whether you regularly take medicines, if you’re a smoker, and your medical history.
These include injectable contraceptives injected by a doctor or a trained nurse every 12 weeks. The pill, a daily tablet taken at the same time each day. The contraceptive ring, which is placed in your vagina and replaced every month.
Hormonal contraceptives are between 88% to 94% effective, with six to 12 women who use these methods falling pregnant every year.
Hormonal birth control is reversible, however we do recommend you allow three months after stopping your last treatment before actively trying to fall pregnant, to allow the hormones to leave your body and give you the best chance of conception.
There are a wide range of other methods.
The most common are: condoms, fertility tracking, where you avoid having sex on days where your body is most fertile, and withdrawal, where your partner withdraws and ejaculates outside the vagina.
These methods can be effective, and condoms are an effective way to avoid STIs. About 18% of women who use these methods will fall pregnant each year.
If you don’t want to use contraception during sex, or are unable to, there are still contraceptive options available. The morning after pill is a high dose of contraceptive hormone which, if delivered up to 3 days after unprotected sex, can be highly effective.
The copper IUD is another post-coital option, and should be inserted within 5 days of unprotected sex for best possible results. Please know, neither of these are 100% effective.
Whichever contraception method you choose, Guy will take you through what you need to do, how long you need to wait before having unprotected sex, and what side effects, if any, you may experience. Remember. It’s your choice.
Start by talking to your GP.
They will be able to take you through the options available.
If you, and your doctor, decide you need an intra-uterine device (like a Mirena for example) they will often refer you to a gynaecologist.
It depends on the contraceptive. In most cases, you can fall pregnant in the next cycle after you stop taking contraception so it’s best to take precautions if you’d like to have some time between stopping the contraception and conceiving.
You should wait for between 6 and 10 weeks after giving birth before starting contraception.